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The National Archives at Philadelphia  14700 TOWNSEND ROAD, Philadelphia, PA, 19154-1096

Hours / Access Policy
Monday-Friday, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; second Saturday each month, 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Closed Sundays and Federal holidays.
Access Requirements: Visitors who wish to use archival records should call in advance. Valid official identification, such as driver's license or passport, must be presented for entry. In addition, visitors and their belongings are subject to being scanned and searched. All belongings are to be stored in a free locker near the entrance.

Website  http://www.archives.gov/midatlantic/public/

Contact Information  Institutional, 215-606-0100; philadelphia.archives@nara.gov; Fax, 215-606-0116.

PDF version of this page.

Overview
NARA's Mid Atlantic Region archives facility has more than 65,000 cubic feet of archival records, including paper documents, photographs, maps, and architectural drawings, dating from 1789 to 1980s. These court, civilian, and military archival records were created or received by nearly 80 Federal agencies and the Federal courts in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Subjects covered include, but are not limited to, the region's lighthouses, landmark Federal court cases, railroads, school desegregation, Chinese exclusion acts, fugitive slave laws, national parks and historic sites, merchant marines, violations of Federal laws such as tax evasion and smuggling, and the work of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. We also maintain the historically significant Mid Atlantic federal records from 1790 to the present.

In addition to unique archival records, the archives facility has a large collection of NARA microfilm publications. The microfilm reproduces records for the study of history, economics, public administration, political science, law, ethnology, genealogy, and other subjects. Subjects include relating to U.S. diplomacy, the Revolutionary War, the Civil War and Reconstruction, Native American-Government relations, westward expansion, and World War II.

Civil War Collection

Home Front/ Civilians

Documentary

Records of IRS for CW period.

Tax Assessment Lists, 1867-1873   ARC ID #: 4713107
A list indicating available years and box numbers for each state follows
Entries show name, date, type of tax, assessed value, and amount of tax. There are annual, monthly, and special lists for most states. The Mid Atlantic Region holds lists for: Pennsylvania, 1867‑1874

Records of the U.S. Naval Home 1838-1942.   

Correspondence with Naval     ARC ID #: 2595321
This series includes copies of letters sent to and received from the Secretary of the Navy, various Bureaus within the Department of the Navy, and other Naval and Federal officials. The letters concern such matters of appointment of staff, repair of buildings, payment of pensions to residents, admissions to and discharges from the Asylum, list of regulations (1843), requisitions, and other issues relating to the operation of the Asylum.

Letters and Endorsements Sent, 1862-1911   ARC ID #: 2600711
This series consists of letters and endorsements sent from the Naval Asylum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The letters include replies to job applicants seeking employment at the Asylum, budget estimates sent to the Navy Department in order to determine appropriations for the Asylum, supply requests for fruit for the patients, and discussions of contagious diseases afflicting the patients such as measles, diphtheria, as well as venereal diseases.

Letters Received from the Bureau of Yards and Docks, 1845-1890     ARC ID#: 2600715   
This series consists of letters received by the Naval Asylum (known as the Naval Home after 1889) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from the Bureau of Yards and Docks. The subjects of the letters include appropriations, construction, job applications, leaves of absence granted to Asylum personnel and patients, and disciplinary measures taken for rules infractions committed by Asylum personnel and patients.

Station Logs, 1842-1942   ARC ID#: 2600788
This series consists of station log books for the Naval Home in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The log books list the following information: name of Governor, time span of the three watches: the day's weather condition: temperature, wind direction, weather, and wind force; coal accounts: amount of coal on hand and how much was used that day; whether or not divine services were held; names of beneficiaries or employees returning from leave; whether any admissions were made that day, and whether any funeral services were conducted that day.

 Records of the U.S. Customs Service Port of Philadelphia  

Letters Received by the Collector from Departments,1789-1912   ARC ID#: 895608
These records consist of fair copies of letters and circulars received by the Collector of Customs, Philadelphia, from offices of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Treasury Department Comptroller's Office, the Secretary of State, and U.S. consuls overseas. The letters concern the regulation of foreign and domestic trade, legislation, and customs policies and procedures.  Included are receipts for reports and financial statements.

Letters Received Relating to Revenue Cutter Service, 1825-1830, 1861-1864  ARC ID#: 875815
These records contain letters concerning the operation of revenue cutters in the Delaware River.  The second volume concerns the assignment and outfitting of revenue cutters to the Philadelphia customs district during the Civil War. 

Letters Received by the Collector from the Department of the Treasury, 1798-1899     ARC ID#: 873748
These records consist of volumes of letters and circulars that concern customs administration in the district including customs inspection stations at Chester and Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania. 

Letters Received by the Surveyor Relating to Appointments, 1861-1868   ARC ID#: 1586794
This series consists of letters that include employment requests, lists of ships, and personnel management issues. The series also has letters relating to discussions of cholera outbreaks in foreign countries and how to prevent infected goods from entering the country.

Middle Atlantic States: Transfers from Appraiser’s Stores, 1857, 1862-1863, 1884   ARC ID#: 1589355
This series consists of transfers from the Office of the Appraiser's stores in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The transfer forms list the following information: name of importer, amount and type of goods, vessel name, port of origin, and signature of the collector.

Middle Atlantic States: Landing Certificates,         ARC ID #: 1079854 1787-1886      
These records consist of certificates containing the sworn statements of witnesses at foreign ports indicating that shipments of goods and merchandise had been landed at foreign ports as described in documents filed by the merchant at the time of exportation from Philadelphia so that the merchant could apply for a drawback or rebate on duties which were chargeable or which had been paid when the goods were originally imported into the United States.

Middle Atlantic States: Landing Permits, 1798-1879   ARC ID#: 1115902            
These records consist of permits to land imported goods from ships arriving from foreign and U.S. ports at the port of Philadelphia. 

Middle Atlantic States: Index to Vessels Entering the Port of Philadelphia, ca. 1800-1880       ARC ID#: 564980  
This series consists of index cards which note the name of the ship, the ship type, the port of departure, and the month, day, and year of arrival at Philadelphia.

Inward & Outward Coastwise Manifests, ca. 1790-1918   ARC ID#: 565068     
This series consists of manifests and related papers collected by customs officials for all incoming vessels and ships arriving at the Port of Philadelphia from foreign ports.  Each manifest shows the importer, ship, master, port of origin, description of cargo, value of cargo subject to ad valorem duties, and the total value of the cargo. 

Abstracts of Imported Goods Carried in American and Foreign Vessels, 1864-1867   ARC ID#: 2555686
Shown are date of arrival of vessel, name of vessel, owner of merchandise, type of merchandise, and merchandise value.

Cargo Books, 1836-1867   ARC ID#: 2555889
The books were kept by the master of a vessel to identify the owner of cargo by identification marks on the merchandise.    Middle

Atlantic States: Surveyor’s Reports of  Passengers Entering Port, 1855-1866   ARC ID#: 2194591
This series consists of surveyor's reports to the Collector of Customs for the Port of Philadelphia of passengers entering the port. The reports list the following information: name of ship, captain's name, port of origin, time of sailing, voyage length, ventilation condition, number of passengers (adults and infants), amount of space onboard, food available, origin of immigrants, number of deaths on the voyage, age and sex of those who died during the voyage; and a report by the inspector as to the cleanliness and hygiene of vessel, crew, and passengers onboard and the measures taken to clean and purify the vessel.

Inward Passenger Lists, 1800-1903  ARC ID#: 2187073
Shown are the name of vessel, date of arrival, name of passenger, nationality, age, and occupation.  These lists and those for the Port of Philadelphia housed in the National Archives have been indexed and microfilmed as follows:
M360   Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, 1800-1906            (151 rolls)
M425   Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, 1800-1882 (108 rolls)
T840    Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, 1883-1919 (136 rolls)

Crew Lists, 1793-1899  ARC ID#: 573978
This series consists of crew lists, which usually contain the following information:  the names of the vessel and the ship's captain, the vessel's home port, the destination to which the vessel was bound, the names and positions of the crew, their places of birth and residence, their ages, and physical descriptions including height, complexion, identifying scars, or tattoos. 

Shipping Articles 1847-1862   ARC ID #: 610823
This series consists of shipping articles, which usually contain the following information: the names of the vessel and the ship's captain the destination to which the vessel was bound, the names and positions of the crew, their places of birth and residence, their ages, and physical descriptions including height, complexion, identifying scars, or tattoos, and monthly wages to be paid.

Hospital Returns 1796-1885  ARC ID#: 290369
This series consists of hospital returns of seamen engaged in foreign or coastwise trade maintained by the Customs Service office in the Port of Philadelphia.

Middle Atlantic States: Alphabetical List of Seamen Who have Paid Hospital Money, 1862-1864   ARC ID#: 2190523
This series consists of an alphabetical list of seamen who paid hospital money in accordance with the Act of 16 July 1798 and later Acts of Congress. Hospital money was a tax levied on the wages of seamen for the purpose of providing temporary relief and maintenance of disabled and sick seamen in hospitals.

Impost Books, 1789-1865    ARC ID #: 219454

Abstracts of American & Foreign Tonnage, 1848-1867        ARC ID#: 2225585

Record of Drawbacks, 1795-1875    ARC ID#: 650685

Warehouse Ledger, 1848-1863    ARC ID#: 2365602 

Record of Goods Received at Warehouses   ARC ID#: 2387561
or Re-warehoused, 1846-1865, 1870-1872, 1879    ARC ID#: 620464
Entries show date of arrival, name of importer, name of vessel, contents and amount of goods, value of goods, name of warehouse, and date of re-warehousing (if any).

Middle Atlantic States: Permits for Transportation of Merchandise, 1864-1867   ARC ID#: 2561292

Record of Goods Damaged on Importation, 1791-1820, 1846, 1856-1873      ARC ID#: 2561310

Middle Atlantic States: Lists of Assignments of Inspectors & Revenue Agents, 1856-1865

Index to Oaths of Allegiance, 1862
The volume lists name and addresses of individuals taking the oath, and date oath administered.  The oath was required by the Customs Bureau for those engaged in internal trade to prevent trading with the Confederate States during the Civil War.

Records of the Corps of Engineers includes Fort Delaware and Delaware City

Letters Sent, 1833-1882   ARC ID#: 567334
This series consists of letters sent by the Engineer’s Office at its Fort Delaware (1833-1862) and Philadelphia (1862-1882) locations.  Topics of the letters include the rebuilding of Fort Delaware, 1848-1858; requisitioning of supplies; payments to laborers for construction work; yearly lists of expenditures at all forts; annual and monthly reports on fort operations; and requests for equipment and machinery.  Also included is a memoir of the history of the building of Fort Delaware (volume two).      Volumes one and two cover letters sent from the Engineer’s office at Fort Delaware for the periods 1833-1855 and 1855-1863.  Volumes three, four and five include letters sent from the Engineer’s office after relocating to Philadelphia for the periods 1864-1867, 1867-1873, and 1873-1882.

Records of the Assistant Engineer at Fort Delaware and Delaware City, 1859-1921

Letters Sent Relating to Fortifications, 1859-1883  ARC ID#: 579097
Letters relate to strengthening the forts, administrative problems, and details of construction.  Principle correspondents were the Engineer at Fort Delaware and the private companies doing contract work for the Corps.  There are no letters sent for the period February 1869 to July 1870.

Press Copies of Letters Sent relating to Fortifications 1861-1865,  ARC ID#: 583559  
Letters relate to the problems of fortifying and maintaining the fortifications of the Delaware.  Principle correspondents include the District Engineer and the private companies that did contract work for the corps.

Fort Delaware, 1833-1870
At the start of the Civil War the fort was reinforced in preparation of possible hostile fire coming from the Delaware shore.  As the war progressed and the threat from Delaware ceased the fort was converted into a military prison.  This record group does not contain information regarding the fort’s POW camp activities.

Letters of Instructions Received 1848-1864  ARC ID#:567372
The letters include information about inspections, deliveries of materials, and personnel matters. The volume also includes a few circulars and drawings.

Monthly Reports of Operations at Fort Delaware, 1857-1869    ARC ID#: 567393
Copies of narrative reports to the Chief of Engineers noting the work performed by different laborers, the amount of materials delivered, the completion of projects, and the anticipated progress for the next month.

Daily Journal of Operations, 1853-186    ARC ID#: 567413
Entries describe in detail events that pertain to the rebuilding of the fort.  Topics discussed include work performance, supply ordering and receiving, and varieties of employed labor.  The latter volumes mostly contain labor information pertaining to the number and type of laborer employed. 

Voucher Books for Expenditures, 1848-1862  ARC ID#: 567484
Vouchers show expenditures made for labor and supplies.  Items shown on the vouchers are date, amount and nature of expenditure.

Cashbooks, 1855-1862   ARC ID#: 567486
Entries record payments to individuals for services rendered and for administrative purposes such as travel and postage.  Dates and amounts deposited as credit are also included.

Monthly Reports of Labor Performed, 1833-1868
Reports show the amount of work performed by laborers each day.  Laborers include clerks, mechanics, overseer, carpenters, stone cutters, and blacksmiths.  Special note is made as to what project laborers are assigned to.

Monthly Time Books, 1848-1868  ARC ID#: 572794
The rolls note the names of workers, the days or parts of days that they worked, and, sometimes, their daily wage.  

Ledgers of Daily Expenditures for Labor, 1847-1862   ARC ID#: 572844
The books record amount spent for laborers, the name of the employee, the number of days worked, and the daily wage rate.  Monthly totals are recorded in the Monthly Time Books, see Entry 65.

Daily Statistical Reports of Men Employed by Occupation, 1857-1868              ARC ID#: 572848   
These volumes contain statistical data as to the total number of laborers, mechanics, and other laborers employed daily.

Monthly Inventory of Property, 1853-1870 
The inventory lists all supplies, tools, and machinery on hand at the end of each month.  Also noted were the quantities of materials received during the month, the amount used or worn out, and what was available at the end of each month.

Account of Rough Granite Delivered, 1863-1865  
Entries show the date of delivery of granite from North Prospect, Maine.  Information listed shows name of ship, its master, and the dimensions of each stone delivered. 

Record of Piles Driven, 1849-1863   ARC ID#: 573366
These volumes record the number of blows it took to drive the piles and the date.  The project included the counter scrap wall and the bastion and curtains.  There is no information for the period 1851-1862.

Fort DuPont Area Engineer, 1840-1943
Initially Fort DuPont consisted of an earthen battery built in 1864 and called the “Fort Opposite Fort Delaware.”  It was vastly expanded during the fortification boom that took place in response to the Spanish-American War.  Although these are the only records for Fort DuPont alone, there is a considerable amount of other material in the Main Office Records.

General Correspondence Relating to Construction at Fort DuPont, 1840-1943   ARC ID#: 640889
Letters, memoranda, receipts of equipment, construction and repair reports, and some daily logs of inspections and work progress relating to construction projects at the fort. 

 
Records of the Quartermaster General Philadelphia Depot includes information on manufacture of military clothing, who did it and where.

Philadelphia Depot:  

Press Copies of Letters Sent, October 1857-April 1907         ARC ID#: 652159

Press Copies of Letters Sent to the Military Storekeeper, Schuylkill Arsenal, 1862-1884   ARC ID#: 651941  
Includes the following periods: September 1862-November 1863; November 1864-February 1865; November 1876-December 1877; September 1878-June 1879; July 1882-December 1884.

Registers of Letters Received, 1858-1874  ARC ID#: 652449

Letters Received, 1861-1873    ARC ID#: 652161

Letters Received, 1858-1880     ARC ID#: 652624
The series contains letters received by the Army Clothing and Equipage Office, the Schuylkill Arsenal, the Quartermaster’s Office, and the Depot Quartermaster.

Press Copies of Letters Sent by Charles Thomas, Assistant Quartermaster, Relating to Supplies and Funds, October 1860-January 1861 ARC ID#: 657731

Press Copies of Letters and Telegrams Sent Relating to Supply Purchases and Delivery (“Notes and Telegrams”). May 1861-November 1862 ARC ID#: 657735

Press Copies of Letters Sent Relating to Orders, Purchases, and Contracts, August 1861-December 1867 ARC ID#: 657740

Press Copies of Estimates and Letters Sent Relating to Fiscal Matters, February-October 1863 ARC ID#: 657794

Press Copies of Letters Sent Relating to Advertisements.   November 1863-January 1868 ARC ID#: 657797

Press Copies of Telegrams Sent Relating to Clothing and Transportation, January 1865-January 1875 ARC ID#: 654821

Letters Received Relating to Contracts and Proposals for Supplying Clothing and Yard Goods, 1862-1914   ARC ID#: 654890
Samples of cloth and leather are included in most of the letters.

Unregistered Letters, Receipts, Reports, Statements, and Proposals Received by Major G. H. Crosman, 1862 ARC ID#:654891

Letters and Reports Received Relating to the Inspection and Sale of Government Equipment and Buildings, 1865-1866   ARC ID#: 710825

Report of Persons and Articles Employed and Hired at the Army Clothing and Equipage Branch of the Quartermaster General Depot, 1859-1872 ARC ID#: 654575

Monthly Reports of Clothing and Equipage,  1860-1892 ARC ID#: 654980       

Inspection Reports, 1865  ARC ID#: 654986

Proposals, 1861-1866    ARC ID#: 656170

Abstracts of Contracts, 1862-1864  ARC ID#: 733828

Registers of Contracts Relating to the Supplying of Clothing and Equipage,  August 1862-November 1874  ARC ID#: 733831

Clothing Contracts Let by  the Clothing Depots at Philadelphia and New York, 1862     ARC ID#: 73383

Abstracts of Proposals Opened, 1863-1865    ARC ID#: 733835

Register of Material Received on Contracts,  1863-1864      ARC ID#: 733836

Registers of Clothing Received and Inspected at the Schuylkill Arsenal, January-October 1862 ARC ID#: 654584

Ledger of Certificates of Indebtedness, August-October 1864   ARC ID#: 734668

Register of Civilian Personnel at Philadelphia,  1864-1871   ARC ID#: 734689

Statements of Clothing and Equipage on Hand  or Due from Contracts, 1860-1864     ARC ID#: 749245

Record of Yard Goods Received, Issued,  And On Hand, August 1862-August 1863    ARC ID#: 749252  

Special Quartermasters:

Press Copies of Letters Sent,  by Captain Henry Bowman Assistant Quartermaster, Relating to Water Transportation Accounts, January-August 1865 ARC ID #: 657557

Marine Record of Chartered Vessels   November 1864-July 1866     ARC ID#: 82743

Register of Tugs Delivering Barges Mainly   to Delaware City, Philadelphia, Bordentown, and Richmond,  November 1864-August 1865 ARC ID#: 782745

Registers of Letters Sent by Major Henry W. Janes, Assistant Quartermaster, Executive and Inspection Office, October 1864-August 1867    ARC ID#: 782747

Memoranda and Endorsements Sent by Major Henry W. Janes,   Assistant Quartermaster, Executive and Inspection Office, October 1864-July 1867    ARC ID#: 782752 

Press Copies of Delivery Orders Sent to Railroad Companies and Frankford Arsenal for Delivery of Supplies to Teamsters, June 1864-January 1865 ARC ID#: 782758

Press Copies of Letters Sent Relating to Shipments, March-July 1865   ARC ID#: 784008
These letters were sent mainly to the Inspector of the Hanover Street Warehouse.

Schuylkill Arsenal:

Abstracts of Letters Received (“Brief Book”)  By the Military Storekeeper (Mainly from the Deputy Quartermaster at Philadelphia), May 1858-May 1865    ARC ID#: 652449

Correspondence of E. F. Phillips, Superintendent of the Branch Depot, 1863    ARC ID#: 825191

Lists of Goods Received from Cutters and Lists of Work Completed, 1860-1863    ARC ID#: 851109

Lists of Goods Received by Cutters, 1861-1863   ARC ID#: 851111

Logs of Material Delivered By and Received by the Cutting Department, 1862-1863      ARC ID#: 851112

Invoices of Stores Issued by Captain John Craig, Military Storekeeper, 1861-1867   ARC ID#: 851115

Reports of Articles Received and Inspected, 1864     ARC ID#: 851116

Abstracts of and Awards on Proposals, 1864      ARC ID#: 851119

Applications for Positions and Related Correspondence, 1862-1967       ARC ID#: 854656

List of Females Employed, ca. 1865    ARC ID#: 854690

List of Applications for Employment at the Schuylkill Arsenal, ca. 1861-1865      ARC ID#: 854692

List of Employees Classified for Employment       ARC ID#: 854699

Time Book, January-June 1861    ARC ID#: 854713

Payrolls, September 1861-August 1863       ARC ID#: 855562

Special Order No. 1 of the Clothing Department, October 18, 1864    ARC ID#: 855564

Personal Letter Sent by an Employee of the Schuylkill Arsenal to a Captain, 1863        RC ID#: 855569

Cash Book, January 1860-September 1863      ARC ID#: 855621

Frankford Arsenal:

Letters, Telegrams and Endorsements Sent, 1819-1880     ARC ID#: 1065768
Hand written copies of letters, telegrams, and endorsements pertaining to the ordering of arsenal supplies, materials needed for the manufacturing of munitions and routine administrative matters.

Letters, Telegrams, and Endorsements Sent to the Chief of Ordnance, 1862-1880      ARC ID#: 1065784
Letters, telegrams and endorsements sent to the Chief of Ordnance includes daily reports of all ordnance received and issued at the arsenal, fiscal and administrative reports dealing with contracts, ordering of supplies and equipment, and inspection reports of manufactured arms.

Letters and Endorsements Sent Relating to Orders for Ordnance Stores and Supplies, 1862-1865     ARC ID#: 1067461
Letters and endorsements sent relating to orders for ordnance, ordnance stores, and supplies pertaining to the ordering of supplies needed in the operation and equipping of the Arsenal.  Orders include requests for materials and supplies needed to produce arms and munitions.

Letters, Telegrams and Endorsements Sent Relating to the Inspection and Storage of Powder, 1863-1866        RC ID#: 1067466
Letters, telegrams, and endorsements sent relating to the inspection and storage of powder.  Correspondence deals with the inspection of powder to determine whether it was acceptable for use.  Correspondence also deals with the transportation of powder which was done in great secrecy.

Letters, Telegrams, and Endorsements Received, 1816-1907   ARC ID#: 1067528
Included are letters that deal with the ordering and sending of supplies, ordering of materials for arsenal construction, ordering of goods for munitions manufacturing and other routine administrative matters.

Letters, Telegrams, and Endorsements Received from the Ordnance Office, 1818-1880       ARC ID#: 1067532
Letters, telegrams, and endorsements received from the Ordnance Office, Washington, D.C., to the arsenal commander.  See series 1245 for letters received from the Ordnance Office after 1880. 

Monthly Returns of Civilian Employees, 1864-1867           ARC ID#: 1067693
Monthly returns of civilian employees arranged chronologically.  Entries include name of employee; trade of employment such as clerk; time keeper; machinist; days employed on his or her work assignment; and wages paid.

Letters and Endorsements Sent by the Arsenal Commissary of Subsistence and the Arsenal Quartermaster, June 1844-March 1868   ARC ID#: 1069892
Correspondence and endorsements pertain to the sending of arsenal supplies and munitions, such as weapons and powder to various federal arsenals.  Correspondence also pertains to the ordering of supplies and materials needed for the daily operation of the arsenal.

Letters and Endorsements Sent by the Ordnance Storekeeper, November 1862-February 1875     ARC ID#: 1069896
Letters and endorsements sent by the ordnance storekeeper.  Correspondence pertains to the daily fiscal operation and the ordering of supplies for the Frankford arsenal.

Records of the U.S. Mint at Philadelphia

The Mint of the United States was established at Philadelphia by an act of Congress approved on April 2, 1792 (1 Stat. 246).  When the seat of Government moved to Washington in 1800, the mint remained in Philadelphia.  In the early years of operation the Director of the Mint sent his annual reports to the Secretary of State for transmittal to the President, but the Secretary of State gradually was relieved of responsibility for the supervision of the mint, and the Secretary of the Treasury assumed control.  By 1835 the supervision of the Secretary of the Treasury over coinage and related operations was complete.  Annual reports, however, continued to be made to the President until 1857.  Since that date the reports have been made to the Secretary of the Treasury. The records of the United States Mint at Philadelphia relate to the general superintendence of the entire Mint Service until early in 1873 and to coinage, assaying, and other operations of the Philadelphia Mint from 1794, when coinage was begun.  There are three kinds of records: correspondence, operating records, and housekeeping records. 

General Correspondence, 1792-1899        ARC ID#: 561197
This series consists of letters received from private persons and Government officials and of drafts or press copies sent in response to earlier letters. The correspondence dated before 1873relates to the general superintendence of the Mint Service. The correspondence dated after 1873 relates only to operations at the Philadelphia Mint. Interspersed among the letters of the pre-1873 period are vouchers, receipts, drafts, and orders for coins.

Registers of Correspondence, 1844-1900.        ARC ID#: 564310
From 1844 through March 1879 the entries in the registers are arranged chronologically.  After April 1879 entries for the letters received are arranged alphabetically by name of writer and entries for letters sent are arranged by name of addressee.

Correspondence with Branch Mints and Assay Offices, 1835-1898     ARC ID#: 56447
This series consists of letters received and drafts of replies sent during the early part of the period covered by this series.  It also includes press copies of the correspondence for the later years. The correspondence relates chiefly to operations in the field, but it includes a few letters concerning the construction of buildings used as branch mints and assay offices. 

Letters Sent by the Treasurer of the Mint 1816-1848; 1850-1874       ARC ID#: 567572
This series consists of fair and press copies of letters sent by James Rush (and his successors), the Treasurer of the Mint, to the Director of the Mint, the Treasurer of the United States, and other Treasury Department officials, insurance companies, banks, and private individuals. The letters are concerned mostly with fiscal operations of the mint such as coin shipments. In two of the volumes (from 1816 to 1845) there are a few letters received from the Director of the Mint. These volumes are known as the "James Rush letters". An index to some of the letters may be found in “Index to the Treasurer’s Correspondence” (Entry 21).

"Peale Correspondence" 1829-1886.    ARC ID#: 565632     
This series consists mainly of letters from and draft replies to Franklin Peale. Franklin Peale was, variously, Chief Coiner of the United States Mint; Assistant Assayer, Melter, and Refiner; and an inventor of machinery used in the Mint Service. The letters are in manuscript and cover a wide variety of topics such as proposals for the design of commemorative medals, the deposit of gold bullion at the Mint, and personnel matters at the mint, to name a few.  .  Included are reports of Peale's visits in the 1830's to certain European cities to study coining operations; a few letters signed by Rubens and Titian Peale; papers relating to Franklin Peale's claim for compensation for some of his inventions that were used by the mint; and a few letters from his widow.

Minutes of the Annual Assay Commissions, 1848-1873     ARC ID#: 566481
This series consists of two volumes containing the minutes of the Annual Assay Commission. The Annual Assay Commission was established by an Act of Congress in 1837. Its task was to examine and weigh gold and silver coins at the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia and the other branch mints to see if they met the standards of weight and fineness of the gold and silver content mandated by law. The Commission consisted of a District Court judge for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, the Collector of the Port of Philadelphia, the U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, three commissioners appointed by the President of the United States, and the director, treasurer, chief coiner, melter & refiner, assayer, and the engraver of the U.S. Mint.

Note: There are additional record series relating to coinage, bullion, and other matters of the United States Mint during the Civil War period.  A complete list of all record series may be found at the National Archives, Mid-Atlantic Region.

African American Community

Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau, Camp William Penn

Includes letters and telegrams sent and received, general and special orders, daily reports of inspection, guard reports and Troop registers, officers, men discharged    and transferred, desertions, discharges, deaths, and casualties.

Note: Please see further details under Militaria and Diaries for more specific information regarding the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau Records.

Medical Contribution

Records of the U.S. Naval Home

Correspondence with Naval and Federal Officials,  1838-1862   ARC ID #: 2595321
This series includes copies of letters sent to and received from the Secretary of the Navy, various Bureaus within the Department of the Navy, and other Naval and Federal officials. The letters concern such matters of appointment of staff, repair of buildings, payment of pensions to residents, admissions to and discharges from the Asylum, list of regulations (1843), requisitions, and other issues relating to the operation of the Asylum.

Letters and Endorsements Sent, 1862-1911   ARC ID #: 2600711
This series consists of letters and endorsements sent from the Naval Asylum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The letters include replies to job applicants seeking employment at the Asylum, budget estimates sent to the Navy Department in order to determine appropriations for the Asylum, supply requests for fruit for the patients, and discussions of contagious diseases afflicting the patients such as measles, diphtheria, as well as venereal diseases.

Letters Received from the Bureau of Yards and Docks, 1845-1890    ARC ID#: 2600715
This series consists of letters received by the Naval Asylum (known as the Naval Home after 1889) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from the Bureau of Yards and Docks. The subjects of the letters include appropriations, construction, job applications, leaves of absence granted to Asylum personnel and patients, and disciplinary measures taken for rules infractions committed by Asylum personnel and patients.

Station Logs, 1842-1942      ARC ID#: 2600788
This series consists of station log books for the Naval Home in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The log books list the following information: name of Governor, time span of the three watches: the day's weather condition: temperature, wind direction, weather, and wind force; coal accounts: amount of coal on hand and how much was used that day; whether or not divine services were held; names of beneficiaries or employees returning from leave; whether any admissions were made that day, and whether any funeral services were conducted that day.

Adjutant General’s Office:
Many medical records from the U.S. General Hospitals including surgical operations at the Christian Street Hospital. Records relating to Mower General Hospital in Chestnut Hill and Satterlee General Hospital in West Philadelphia.

Surgeon General’s Office,
Records of the Army Medical Board which convened in Philadelphia.

Note: Please see further details under Militaria and Diaries for more specific information regarding the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau Records.

Militaria and Diaries

U.S. District Court, Eastern District of PA. Prize and related records for Civil War include dockets, case files, prize papers, record in prize cases, fire insurance policies in prize cases, docket of costs in prize cases.

Dockets, 1861-1866  May 20, 1861-Oct. 24, 1866     ARC ID #: 566329
A record of papers filed and proceedings held in the conduct of prize cases, showing case titles, names of attorneys and masters of prize vessels, and a chronological listing of filings and proceedings in each case. 

Case Files, 1861-1865         ARC ID#: 566330
Libels for the condemnation of enemy property seized as a prize, answers, motions, interrogatories, depositions, claims of owners and other interested parties regarding such property, statements of charges against prize vessels and cargo, interlocutory and other orders of the court, sentences of condemnation, accounts of sales of prize property, decrees, opinions of the court, and related papers filed in the district court in prize cases. 

Miscellaneous Prize Papers, 1861-1865        ARC ID#: 605105
This series is arranged alphabetically by name of ship, with papers relating to unnamed ships filed chronologically at end of the series.

Record in Prize Cases, 1861-1862       ARC ID #: 566334
Proceedings and copies of papers filed in prize cases during the period indicated.    Note:  For related case files see Case Files, 1861 – 1865.  ARC ID # 566330

Fire Insurance Policies in Civil War Prize Cases, 1861-1865       ARC ID #: 566337
Contracts of insurance entered into by the United States Marshal for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania to cover ships and cargoes taken into the court's custody as Civil War prize property. 

Docket of Costs in Prize Cases, 1862-1866           ARC ID #: 566338
A record of costs incurred in the administration of prize cases including fees paid for court costs, wharf fees, storage, piloting, and auctioneers' fees. 

Records of the Corps of Engineers: Fort Delaware and Fort DuPont.

Letters Sent, 1833-1882           ARC ID#: 567334
This series consists of letters sent by the Engineer’s Office at its Fort Delaware (1833-1862) and Philadelphia (1862-1882) locations.  Topics of the letters include the rebuilding of Fort Delaware, 1848-1858; requisitioning of supplies; payments to laborers for construction work; yearly lists of expenditures at all forts; annual and monthly reports on fort operations; and requests for equipment and        machinery.  Also included is a memoir of the history of the building of Fort Delaware (v. 2).

Records of the Assistant Engineer at Fort Delaware and Delaware City, 1859-1921

Letters Sent Relating to Fortifications, 1859-1883       ARC ID#: 579097
Letters relate to strengthening the forts, administrative problems, and details of construction.  Principle correspondents were the Engineer at Fort Delaware and the private companies doing contract work for the Corps.  There are no letters sent for the period February 1869 to July 1870.

Press Copies of Letters Sent relating to Fortifications,  1861-1865     ARC ID#: 583559
Letters relate to the problems of fortifying and maintaining the fortifications of the Delaware.  Principle correspondents include the District Engineer and the private companies that did contract work for the corps.

Fort Delaware, 1833-1870
At the start of the Civil War the fort was reinforced in preparation of possible hostile fire coming from the Delaware shore.  As the war progressed and the threat from Delaware ceased the fort was converted into a military prison.  This record group does not contain information regarding the fort’s POW camp activities.

Letters of Instructions Received 1848-1864         ARC ID#:567372
The letters include information about inspections, deliveries of materials, and personnel matters.  The volume also includes a few circulars and drawings.
Monthly Reports of Operations at Fort Delaware,  1857-1869  ARC ID#: 567393

Copies of narrative reports to the Chief of Engineers noting the work performed by different laborers, the amount of materials delivered, the completion of projects, and the anticipated progress for the next month.

Daily Journal of Operations, 1853-1862        ARC ID#: 567413
Entries describe in detail events that pertain to the rebuilding of the fort.  Topics discussed include work performance, supply ordering and receiving, and varieties of employed labor.  The latter volumes mostly contain labor information pertaining to the number and type of laborer employed. 

Voucher Books for Expenditures, 1848-1862     ARC ID#: 567484
Vouchers show expenditures made for labor and supplies.  Items shown on the vouchers are date, amount and nature of expenditure.

Cashbooks, 1855-1862           ARC ID#: 567486
Entries record payments to individuals for services rendered and for administrative purposes such as travel and postage.  Dates and amounts deposited as credit are also included.

Monthly Reports of Labor Performed, 1833-1868                         
Reports show the amount of work performed by laborers each day.  Laborers include clerks, mechanics, overseer, carpenters, stone cutters, and blacksmiths.  Special note is made as to what project laborers are assigned to.

Monthly Time Books, 1848-1868         ARC ID#: 572794
The rolls note the names of workers, the days or parts of days that they worked, and, sometimes, their daily wage.           

Ledgers of Daily Expenditures for Labor, 1847-1862         ARC ID#: 572844
The books record amount spent for laborers, the name of the employee, the number of days worked, and the daily wage rate.  Monthly totals are recorded in the Monthly Time Books, see Entry 65.

Daily Statistical Reports of Men Employed by Occupation, 1857-1868       ARC ID#: 572848
These volumes contain statistical data as to the total number of laborers, mechanics, and other laborers employed daily.

Monthly Inventory of Property, 1853-1870                                     
The inventory lists all supplies, tools, and machinery on hand at the end of each month.  Also noted were the quantities of materials received during the month, the amount used or worn out, and what was available at the end of each month.

Account of Rough Granite Delivered, 1863-1865               
Entries show the date of delivery of granite from North Prospect, Maine.  Information listed shows name of ship, its master, and the dimensions of each stone delivered.

Record of Piles Driven, 1849-1863      ARC ID#: 573366
These volumes record the number of blows it took to drive the piles and the date.  The project included the counter scrap wall and the bastion and curtains.  There is no information for the period 1851-1862.

Fort DuPont Area Engineer, 1840-1943
Initially Fort DuPont consisted of an earthen battery built in 1864 and called the “Fort Opposite Fort Delaware.”  It was vastly expanded during the fortification boom that took place in response to the Spanish-American War.  Although these are the only records for Fort DuPont alone, there is a considerable amount of other material in the Main Office Records.

General Correspondence Relating to Construction at Fort DuPont, 1840-1943      ARC ID#: 640889
Letters, memoranda, receipts of equipment, construction and repair reports, and some daily logs of inspections and work progress relating to construction projects at the fort. 

Records of the Provost Marshal, Delaware and PA; handled enrolling, drafting, and recruiting men for service.

The establishment of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau in 1863 centralized the duties of enrolling, drafting, and recruiting men for service, which had previously been carried out by the separate States.  The main operations of these functions remained in the States, but they were supervised and regulated by the Provost Marshal General.

The Provost Marshal Generals’ Bureau records (RG 110) include correspondence sent and received, circulars, endorsements, financial accounts, ledgers, medical examinations, orders, proceedings of the boards of enrollment, registers, reports, and telegrams.  The materials document bounties paid and received; credits, exemptions, substitutions, and quotas for the enlistment process; enlistment fraud and bounty jumpers; the employment (appointment) of clerks; medical examinations of draftees, recruits, and substitutes; purchase of quartermaster stores, clothing, general and office supplies, and equipment; the investigation, arrest, and transportation of deserters; as well as local draft resistance.  The materials also record the placement of men into the Veterans Reserve Corps and the Invalid Corps as well as those sent to various hospitals.

The volume of records generated by the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau is substantial and therefore it is impractical to recount an individual listing with ARC catalogue numbers in this venue. The following list of search terms is provided to assist with the location of records by topic.

General record searches:
NARA at Philadelphia holds RG 110 records for the states of Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.  Pennsylvania was divided into two divisions, Eastern and Western. The Eastern Division consists of districts 1-12 and the Western District includes districts 13-24.  Delaware consists of one district.

American Civil War +   State

Recruiting
Enlistment
Military deserters
Physical diagnosis (medical examinations)
War Medical aspects
Bounties, military
Ordnance
Furloughs
Procurement
Index


Rendezvous camps:
In addition, there are separate records relating to rendezvous camps which include letters and telegrams sent and received, general and special orders, daily reports of inspection, guard reports, and various registers of the Troops and their officers, men discharged and transferred, and desertions, discharges, deaths and other casualties.  These records can be located by completing an ARC search for the camp name. NARA at Philadelphia holds records for the following list of camps:

Camp Cadwalader
Camp William Penn (U.S. Colored Troops)
Camp Biddle
Camp Copeland-Reynolds
Camp Bradford (Maryland)

RG 23: U.S. Coast Survey
Records that relate to the defense of Philadelphia in 1863 (Gettysburg campaign) and the commission to consider the location of a navy yard at League Island in 1862-1863.

Legacies

U.S. Naval Home Records go to 1942, include many CW veterans.

Correspondence with Naval and Federal Officials, 1838-1862        ARC ID #: 2595321
This series includes copies of letters sent to and received from the Secretary of the Navy, various Bureaus within the Department of the Navy, and other Naval and Federal officials. The letters concern such matters of appointment of staff, repair of buildings, payment of pensions to residents, admissions to and discharges from the Asylum, list of regulations (1843), requisitions, and other issues relating to the operation of the Asylum.

Letters and Endorsements Sent, 1862-1911         ARC ID #: 2600711
This series consists of letters and endorsements sent from the Naval Asylum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The letters include replies to job applicants seeking employment at the Asylum, budget estimates sent to the Navy Department in order to determine appropriations for the Asylum, supply requests for fruit for the patients, and discussions of contagious diseases afflicting the patients such as measles, diphtheria, as well as venereal diseases.

Letters Received from the Bureau of Yards and Docks, 1845-1890             ARC ID#: 2600715
This series consists of letters received by the Naval Asylum (known as the Naval Home after 1889) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from the Bureau of Yards and Docks. The subjects of the letters include appropriations, construction, job applications, leaves of absence granted to Asylum personnel and patients, and disciplinary measures taken for rules infractions committed by Asylum personnel and patients.

Station Logs, 1842-1942           ARC ID#: 2600788
This series consists of station log books for the Naval Home in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The log books list the following information: name of Governor, time span of the three watches: the day's weather condition: temperature, wind direction, weather, and wind force; coal accounts: amount of coal on hand and how much was used that day; whether or not divine services were held; names of beneficiaries or employees returning from leave; whether any admissions were made that day, and whether any funeral services were conducted that day.

For more information about National Archives and Records Administration’s Civil War Collections, please visit the following pages:

Online Catalog: http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/


This project has been generously supported by the Honorable Larry Farnese, PA Senator, the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources,
the Department of Community and Economic Development, and the Samuel S. Fels Fund.

 

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About the Guide Civil War in Philadelphia Philadelphia Collections Notes for Researchers